Wednesday, July 06, 2022

Cadillac history

(Reading time: 7 - 13 minutes)

Cadillac history

The Smithsonian

Cadillac was formed with the remaining team members of the Henry Ford Company. The company dissolved when Henry left, taking key members with him. The financial backers of Ford, Lemuel Bowen & William Murphy, were unwilling to let the plant go, and asked Henry M. Leland to visit and appraise the former Ford plant and equipment within. Leland saw the plant as a great opportunity and persuaded them to carry on, with the proviso that they use Leland's 1-cylinder engine, which already had a proven track record. The departure of the previous owner required a new name...
On August 22, 1902, the Cadillac Automobile Company was born, deriving its new name from the French explorer Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac, the founder in 1701 of Detroit, Michigan.
1903 Carving the future
The new company then got busy establishing a future and its first car was completed in October 1902, and was capable of producing 10 bhp (7 KW) and was similar to the 1903 Ford Model A. Many sources say the first car rolled out of the factory on October 17 , however there is other dates saying the car was released on both the 16th and the 20th.
The brand new Cadillac was showcased at the famed New York Auto Show in January of the following year, called the Smithsonian. It impressed crowds so much that over two thousand orders were placed for the car. The one thing the US company counted on as its biggest selling point was its precision manufacturing and reliability, in a word they boasted it was better than all its competitors.
With the staggering success of the Cadillac Smithsonian, the car company decided to compete in an annual Royal Automobile Club's Standardisation Test, from February to March 1908. To do this they used three Model K cars from the stock of Frederick Bennett (Cadillac - London UK).
The Cadillac K's were driven 25 miles to Brooklands racing track, in Weybridge, where they completed another 25 miles, then all the cars were put safely under lock and key until March 2, 1908 - a Monday when all the cars were dis-assembled completely.
All of the 721 components were piled into one heap; 89 of the specialist parts requiring extreme accuracy were taken from the pile, and locked away and replaced with brand new parts from showroom stock. With the use of only spanners and screwdrivers, the 3 Cadillac cars were re-assembled and on March 13, a Friday, all the cars completed a 500 mile run. When the run was completed, one of the model K cars was placed under lock and key until the beginning of the 2,000 mile Reliability Trials, to come over the following months. The K came in as the R.A.C. Trophy winner. The interchangeability of the cars parts could not have been demonstrated any better.
The Cadillac Automobile Company was also awarded 1908 The Dewar Trophy for winning these awards. This award was only ever presented to the most important car industry advancement of the year, allowing the car to speak for itself.


Cadillac was bought by a General Motors conglomerate in 1909.
Meaning General Motors' prestige division was the new US company, this division concentrated on producing large luxury vehicles. It was used as GM's Commercial Voice, with production of a "commercial chassis", limousines, ambulances, hearses, and funeral cars. The last 3 of these were custom built by aftermarket manufacturers.
In 1911, Cadillac was the first petrol engine manufacturer to add an electric start, rather than the traditional crank start. The electric start was favoured as a convenience device for female drivers, and the starter was developed by Charles Kettering, and was mass produced and added to cars from 1912 onwards. Also pioneered were many great achievements and innovations including an automotive V8 engine in mass production by 1915. Other great innovations included the introduction of shatter-resistant glass in 1926, and a fully synchronized gearbox in 1928. These boxes were soon seen as very robust, smooth and ideal gear ratios for use by the blingsters of the day.
A popular modification of the day was to add a Ford or Mercury V8 engine to a recycled Cadillac or LaSalle transmission. In 1928, car stylist Harley Earl, a new art & design specialist, came up with a new, smaller "companion" car called the La Salle. This too was named after another French explorer, René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, and was in production until 1940.
Many Pre war Cadillac motor cars were powerful, robust and were mass-produced luxury cars, for upperclass markets, e.g. ultra-exclusive Pierce-Arrow and Duesenberg.
The 1930s brought the Cadillac V12- and V16-cylinder engines with custom coach chassis's.

1932 - what now?

It now appeared that the goodtimes were over, for in 1932, the company suffered a new record of low sales and unfortunately managed to pick up a record of discrimination against black customers. Alfred Sloan panicked and formed a committee to think over the idea of stopping production on Cadillac. The problem was worse than they realised, due to rigidity of the separatist movement. The president Nicholas Dreystadt, found out that the legendary boxer Joe Louis couldn't even enter a Cadillac dealership to buy a new car, due to him being black, however Joe Louis loved the cars, so had a white friend buy the car for him.
Dreystadt was humiliated, and decided to give the General Motors Board of Directors a speech about the importance of advertising the cars to black customers. The GM Board completely agreed and gave him 18 months to prove his worth.
Thanks to the company's President, the manufacturer had regained its profitability, and they were the only US car manufacturer to continue earning a profit during the Great Depression.
1940 saw Cadillac sales increase 1,000% compared to 1934, giving them a new lease of life.

Philips head screw

1934 brought a new power to the Cadillac assembly line. One Henry F. Phillips introduced the Phillips screw head and screw driver into the market. Phillips met with General Motors, and convinced the company his revolutionary screw types would reduce assembly time and therefore increase profits.
It was agreed & the automobile company became the first car manufacturer to adopt Phillips screw technology, by 1940 his idea was used widely.

Postwar production

After the war Cadillac started to adopt ideas from GM Styling Chief Harley J. Earl. This guy was a genius - dreaming up many new styling features relative to classic American cars. His ideas included tailfins and wraparound windscreens. It was these first tailfins that inspired Lockheed to add twin rudders to the Lightning P-38 in1948! The epitome of tailfin crazy cars was seen as the 1959 Cadillac - the cars had the recognisable tailfins of any American classic.
Dagmar bumpers or simply 'Dagmars', made the classic Cadillac . The classic artillery shell shaped bumper became a major sellin point, coupled with the complicated front grille and bumper assembly. As the 1950's progressed, so did the Caddy , and design was placed higher in the front end , this made the design more of an icon than bumper guards. The design was likened to the 1950s television personality Dagmar.

The Cadillac recovery

Cadillac suffered as much as many other car manufacturers from the 1970s to the late 80s. There were high points, one being the launch of the Eldorado in 1967, a simple, yet elegant car. The 1970s may have seen less chrome and tailfins, but it did see bigger engines, including the V8 [7.7 litre] that debuted with the 1968 Eldorado. Then an even bigger [8.2 litre] for the 1970 Eldorado. So popular, this engine and system was adopted across all the whole Caddy range in 1975.
The Seville was introduced 1975 as a 1976 model running an Oldsmobile 350 fuel injection system.

The Eldorado

Between 1973 and 1979 the company was forced to downsize due to the looming fuel crisis. The entire Cadillac De Ville and Fleetwood lines had been downsized by 1977.
By1985, the US car company was piking up, and launched a smaller car similar to the Mercedes-Benz S-Class, called the Seville, it became an instant classic.
Due to the fuel crisis and looming shortages, a solution was developed by offering a Diesel Oldsmobile V8 engine, for its range of full-size cars from 1979 to 1981. However, they did suffer badly due to poor fuel quality even though the Diesel engines were uprated (diesel was extremely notorious for being filthy and water contaminated especially in the late 1970s), this initiated corrosion in the fuel pump, inturn creating high pressure. The uncompressible quality of liquids caused a hydro lock, this could snap pistons, destroy crankshafts and all other parts of the engine including connecting rods, this resulted in complete mechanical failure and irreversible engine damage.
Why did other GM diesel engines not suffer from this?
An effective water separating system was the culprit. The reasons were:-
1) A badly designed and setup fuel system.
2) An inaccurate sales to sell a Diesel as maintenance free as a gas engine.
3) Ill equipped and trained mechanics, forever using incorrect oils and lubricants, and no knowledge of Diesel servicing.
This sums up the failure and easy to see why it never succeeded.

The Cavalier Vs BMW 3 Vs Cimarron

To gain even more market share in the 80's the Cimarron was released, this car shared the same design platform as Chevrolet Cavalier it was and was built to rival the BMW 3-series. The car was pushed into production ahead of schedule by three years, due to this only a four-cylinder engine was available until 1985 when a V6 was made available, the car was seen as "warmed-over Cavalier" people recognised it from the much cheaper Chevy. Even though the Cadillac Cimarron came with many extras and option it never fully recovered from its initial rejection, this lead to production finishing in 1988.
The worst engine
An major low point in the 1980s was the release of the 4100 (4.1 L) V8 engine, this was widely used in man models through the late 80s. It was undoubtedly the worst engine ever built by Caddy. It suffered from coolant leakage, warped intake manifolds even warped heads. This engine cost Cadillac dearly and their customer loyalty suffered.
The 1980's brought the rebuilding of their damaged image. Competition from European and Jap imports and the fact that Honda was going to launch their American luxury division, Acura. New styles were applied to cars: the Seville was treated to rounded wheel arches and a splash of chrome. The main challenge for the import vehicles was the Pininfarina designed Cadillac Allante convertible, this cars other claim to fame was the fact it was made on the world's longest production line— the Allante was completely fabricated in Italy and imported by a Boeing 747 to the US then the shell and engine / box were built. The Allante never reached commercial success, however it is still heralded a modern classic next to the Mercedes-Benz SL its main rival. A new strategy was needed, a smaller car, enter the Cimarron and Seville.
The 1980s saw many American car makers downsize their popular car models, the late '80s, introduced the the Brougham Cadillac, the only car to keep its classic style and size of the 70's DeVilles and Fleetwoods.
Even this was discontinued after the 1996. The company needed new strategies quick...

The New direction - The SUV

The GMC Yukon Denali an SUV based on the Escalade, this was Cadillac's first attempt at a Sport Utility Vehicle, it was showcased in 1998 ready for sale in 1999 it featured constant all-wheel drive.
Cadillac had recognised the importance of the Lincoln Navigator and its market success, launched the previous year.
November 1998, saw Lincoln's year-to-date lead was 6,783 vehicles a decent lead in the SUV market, however Cadillac's sales for December were a reported 23,861, over 10,000 ahead of November sales. (However there had been grave error, where alledgedly they outsold Lincoln, however this was an error, kept quiet to a point). A large proportion of this lead was down to the Escalade's 960 sales in November to 3,642 in December. However Lincoln still had outsold them in 1998.
182,570 for Cadillac V's 187,121 Lincolns sold vs.
1999 May, saw a public apology and retraction issued by Jim Farmer a GM Spokesman, saying "a combination of internal control breakdowns and overzealousness on the part of our team members" was the reason for the error, plus there would be no celebrating to Jap & German imports knocking them from the top and 2nd place.

The Escalade

Cadillac's idea of keeping with big sedans such as the Eldorado were crushed with the intro of the Escalade, a large luxury SUV with an already marked market by the Lincoln Navigator, Ford Explorer & Range Rover. The Escalade was favoured by many rappers e.g. as Jay-Z, this boosted the image of the motor and saw many heavily modified SUV's becoming big business they reflected wealth and status. This 4x4 was the key to cracking a younger generation of affluent buyers, the Cadillac name has now been firmly established, yet again seen as luxury rather than geriatry.
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BMW Pictures

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BMW Gallery

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Read more: BMW Pictures


(Reading time: 2 - 4 minutes)


A motorsport breakthrough

In 1976, the BMW Motorsport Division was surrounded by much speculation, regarding the development of a GT race car for approval in Group 4 and Group 5 racing. In order to qualify, they had to design and engineer at least 400 exact replica cars in 2 years. The project came in the form of the "Mid-Engined BMW M1" (E26) The project took 4 years, and was finally finished in 1980. The Supercar debuted at the Paris Motor Show.
The M1 was designed by Giugiaro and was to be assembled by super car manufacturer Lamborghini, unfortunately, the Italian company were in the middle of a financial nightmare at this time, and this forced assembly to be moved to Baur - the specialist German convertible builders.
When production of the BMW M1 resumed, international Group 5 approval rules had altered, and due to unforseen circumstances, the car did not met the required sales figures. The Beemer Supercar was reincarnated as The Procar series. The original M1 never stood a chance, as by the time it had achieved the prerequisite sales, the car didn't posess the required credentials, and was seen as no longer eligible for the Group 5 racing series.
In 1981, the Procar was driven and co-piloted by David Cowart and Kenper Miller who achieved victory in the IMSA GTO category. This gave the revamped M1 a great feature as a support series car for Formula 1 races within Europe, until its untimely demise in 1981. Again, it never had a chance to prove its worth, due to the unforseen delays and set of circumstance hindering its production. Very few M1 cars were produced, and the rarest model was engineered and assembled between 1979 to 1980 by Baur. This particular model utilised an Italian space frame chassis designed on the basis of the Turbo concept of 1972.
The BMW M1 ran a 3.5 litre straight 6, 24-valve, an engine that already powered a range of other models. This engine had 277 bhp at 6500 rpm, and 239 ft/lb of torque at 5000 rpm. For the racing versions, a few were developed with power outputs exceeding 850 bhp.
This auto was a true Italian sports car in its look and feel, with the exception of a 3.5 German made straight six engine howling from its rear. The car was described as the sensation of having bass subs behind your head, minus the subs and the twin-cam six just inches from your head! All in all, a real race car.
Today there are only a small amount of road going M1 cars in existance.

Specifications M1 Road Car

Cylinders: 6 in-line, mid mount

Capacity: 3453cc Power: 277hp @ 6500rpm

Torque: 243lb @ 5000rpm

Weight: 3175lb

Top Speed: 162mph

Acceleration: 0-62mph in 5.6sec

Fuel Consumption: 14.4mpg

Front Wheels/Tires: Alloy 7x16 205/55 VR16

Rear Wheels/Tires: Alloy 8x16 225/50 VR 16

Engine Mangement : Kugelfischer-Bosch Mechanical injection



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BMW History

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BMW History

Bayersiche Motoren Werke

BMW the German car company starts over a hundred years ago, making the label a household name in luxury and perfect engineering.
Karl Friedrich Rapp in 1913 a well-known Bavarian working for a German Aircrafts manufacturer, left his job and formed Rapp Motoren Werke in Munich, he specialised in engineering and developing aircraft engines. Rapp soon became aware that the path he had chosen was very problematic, it seemed the majority of his creations suffered from excessive vibration. At around the same time another Bavarian Aircraft specialist, Gustav Otto set up set up his light aircraft builders Gustav Flugmaschinefabrik.
Rapp Motoren Werke grew tired of the problems and started to work with Austro-Daimlers engines, they were unable to meet demands to existing suppliers. The new contract for Rapp involved developing V12 Aeroplane engines, however things went too fast and and Rapp resigned due to financial troubles in 1916. Two Austrians Max Friz and Franz Josef Popp were appointed to run the company. Then in March 1916 Gustav Flugmaschinefabrik merged with March Rapp Motoren Werketo and formed Bayersiche Flugzeungwerke. The birth of Bayersiche Motoren Werke (Bavarian Motor Works), or better known as BMW had taken place.
The first car to be developed at newly formed BMW was the Dixi 3/15 PS in 1928 at the Eisenbach factory, it was an open top with 15BHP and 743cc and was produced under an Austin license, basically it was a US Bantam / Japanese Datsun. The 1st Dixi was an open topped model, running a 743cc 4 cylinder engine producing 15 bhp. In 1930, the Dixi won its first motor race. A total of 18,976 units were sold.
The first real car made its appearance in 1932, the AM 4 (Munich Version 4 Speeds - Ausfuhrung Munchen 4 Gange) its also known as the 3/20 PS, and built entirely by BMW. It came with a 4 cylinder 782cc engine suspended valves, double chain camshafts, 20 bhp at 3500 rpm and a top speed of 50 mph.
The 303 saloon was introduced in 1933 and was the first inline-6 cylinder car and the first to demonstrate the twin kidney shaped grilles, recognised more today than ever. It was constructed with a welded tubular steel frame and came with rack and pinion steering & independent front suspension. It came with a 1173cc - 30 bhp & Top Speed of 56mph.
1936 saw the release of the BMW 328. No doubt' a famous pre-war sports car, this was succeeded by the 315. A model more for motor sport. It was victorious at the 1938 Mille Miglia in Italy, this made it an icon to. The 328 weighed 1830 lb constructed from an extra-light tubular spaceframe and alloy parts for the bonnet, doors and boot. It came witha gutsy 1971cc inline-6 cylinder three carbs and could produce 80 bhp at 5000 rpm, and go onto reach 93 mph top speed. 462 units were manufactured in total.
After World War II, BMW lay in ruins.A 3 year ban put an end to any motor car productions this also ceased manufacture of rockets & plane engines.
1951 saw a 501 emerge, a luxury model production nightmare, due to demand being low, the BMW 501 never had a hope and never came upto expectation.
BMW needed a new angle, the Isetta 250 was introduced in 1955, a mini-car idela for the 1950's mini car craze. It was Italian manufacturer Iso licensed and came with a Motorbike 245cc one cylinder engine, but still reached 53 mph. It stayed in production for 7 yrs. 161,728 Isetta autos were manufactured.
1956 saw the BMW 507 it won hearts from the offset. A 2-door car, and came with a new idea a retractable soft top, designed by Alberecht Graf Foertz. A 3168cc V8 engine with twin downdraught carbs this gave the 507 150 bhp at 5000rpm & pushed it upto a top speed of 124mph. 
However it couldn't keep up with its closest competitor the Mercedes 300SL. Only 252 507's were made, the car is a symbol of the BMW's problems in the 1950's.
1962 saw the 1500, developed in the 1950s released, it came with a 80bhp, 1.5 capable of hitting 92 mph, 23,807 were sold over the next 2 years.
Over 334,165 cars models of the 1500, 1600, 1800, 2000 combvined were manufactured in total. The first generation 5 series was based on these classic models, the E12 was launched 10 yrs after 1972.
BMW then released the 3 series in 1975, the M1 supercar was developed in 1976, followed by the 7 series in 1977.
1992 saw BMW outsell Mercedes in Europe for the first time in history. 
1998 The Bavarian car company bought the Rolls Royce logo & name off Volkswagen.
The Rover Group PLC was acquired by BMW in 1994, however heavy losses were still destroying the company the decision was made to sell in 2000. Rover was split, Ford bought Land Rover and BMW held the rights to the Mini, shortly the car was released in 2002.
The following years saw the BMW, Z1, Z3, Z8 and many variations of the 3, 5, 7 series.
BMW still continue to release the new incarnations of the Mini including Mini Clubman, after the success of the Mini.
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Bentley History

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A British constitution

Bentley has spoken for itself for decades, only by the rich and famous, and driven by a well groomed and attired chauffeur, well generally speaking.
1910 was when it all began by a man called W O Bentley. The idea for these motorcars was that of a forward thinking 22 yr old who loved the speed and exhileration of speeding around in racing cars. He also knew quite abit about speed and what he wanted, his genius was the tool for carving his future.
WO Bentley loved racing, cars, bikes or anything that would generate the adrenalin rush he searched for, this was somewhat quenched by racing motorcycles on the Isle of Man in the TT, however this still wasn't enough, he needed more. Therefore he started to create a breed of motorcar with superior power yet unsurpassed luxury.
In today's world superstardom is Bentleys cars audience, their clientel include rappers, music producers such as P Diddy and even London bank robbers.
As for the cars well have your choice from the Continental, Azure Continental GTR, Arnage and of course the Bentley Sport.
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Audi RS4

A 420 BHP wolf in sheeps clothing and its based on the quattro drive system, why drive anything else?

Why the fuss?

Sleek lines, all wheel drive and an aggresive looks and nature to go with it A car to battle with the best supercars hunter due to its a performance engine and 4 wheel drive. A sports saloon to break the mould, yet an everyday drive to. An A4 with a difference.
The RS4 features FSI technology, and comes with lots of gadgets and even asymmetric / dynamic distribution.

What is it capable of?

Well, the RS4 is 420 bhp at the wheels, its driven by 4.2 V8 that revs to 8250 rpm with ease. This engine is one of the only cars built to achieve 100 bhp per litre - a milestone in car technology. The lump can generate 317 lb-ft max torque which is delivered at 5500 rpm plus the engine is small, 90% of the cars torque is available all the time between 2250 and 7600 rpm. This availability of constant power gives the driver the freedom to drive at lower revs in each gear, therefore minimising wear. The RS is fueled direct fuel injection system, this offers an optimum rate of fuel & air combustion. Giving the auto even more power. This means the RS4 can reach 0-62 mph in 4.8 seconds and 125 mph in 16.6 seconds.
Top speed is a healthy 155 mph and thats limited, remove the limiter nad we reckon it will max out at around 190 mph.

Engine & Drive System

Engine & Drive System



Displacement cu in (cc):

254 (4163)

bhp power (kW) at RPM:

420(323) / 7800

Torque lb-ft (Nm) at RPM:

317(430) / 5500

Redline at RPM:


Brakes & Tires


Brakes F/R:

ABS, vented disc/vented disc

Tires F-R:

255/40 R18


All Wheel Drive

Exterior Dimensions & Weight


Length × Width × Height in:

179.0 × 70.8 × 55.2

Weight kg:



Acceleration 0-62 mph:


Top Speed mph limited (mph):

155 (185+))

Fuel Economy Urban/Motorway mpg (l/100 km):

14/20 (13.7)

Keeping her on the road

Audi's was faced with a few challenges when designing the RS4 and making it work, first problem how to get all the power and acceleration to the road wiithout going through a fullset of tyres in one run.
The quattro AWD had proven itself for 25 years on Volkswagen and Audi cars, but somthing new was needed a next gen drive system, research started and before long they had pioneering another technology asymmetric / dynamic torque distribution incorporating a self-locking Torsion centre differential. This car with its new system and the addition of sports suspension could reach unsurpassed dimensions of driving, Audi even added DRC (Dynamic Ride Control) this reduced body roll and dive making the automobile more stable.

Brakes we need, brakes!

This serious piece of kit needed some awesome stopping power, 18-inch cross-drilled, inner-vented brake discs were added - The front measure 365 millimeters in diameter, and the back were 324-millimetre diameter. They even thought of the best way to keep them working constantly, by adding a flow-optimized ventilation system combined with underfloor Naca jets, this provided high levels of cooling, ensuring the brakes stayed at an optimum tempertaure.

Just take a look

This car is like no other A4 saloon one look defines this, the radiator grille, has a diamond design, air scoops, and custom wheels developed for the RS4 specifically. There has been a new air dam added as well as extra-large exhaust pipes discreetly fitted in keeping with true euro style, a spoiler hides in the boot lid all blended with Audi's sleek lines. Its been lowered by 30 mm, and the car’s track has been widened to give a more sinister stance.
Feel a $1,000 000
The RS4 comes with an executive level of luxury aluminium, carbon fibre and leather to create the perfect driving machine.
The Racing bucket seats are full leather, with high sides for the ultimate support and a button to inflate the side supports to mould round your body contour. As for a race feel you will find a sports steering wheel, starter button and aluminium racing pedals.

I told you not to open it

Well go on, one button and it opens all, control the fuel pedal control map, the result sharper acceleration and a direct response.

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Audi S8

(Reading time: 2 - 4 minutes)

Audi S8 Quattro

A luxury saloon with immense power made famous by its part driving round Paris and the South of France in Ronin.
The S8, a V8 with a difference, performance, luxury and styled aggresively. This car is basically the same as the A8 with quattro - all wheel drive and an aluminum space frame, but thats where the similarities end comes this monster of a car features aluminum uprated sports suspension, all round vented brake discs front 13.6 inch and the rear 11 inch, Brembo aluminium brake calipers finished off with 18-inch Avus alloys with 245/45ZR18 rubber all as standard.

An engine to match

The engine is the same as the A8 saloon, a V8 with a 4.2 capacity, but with one difference it has 60bhp. This in mind the S8 has been lowered all round by 20 mm than the standard A8, the shocks have been stiffened 30 percent more and the springs uprated and the compression damping is 40% higher with thicker stabiliser bars therefore giving considerably more grip increasing handling balance dramatically (0.88g on the skidpad vs. 0.77g for the A8) hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhwith a harsher ride. The car has light power steering, however its agility still keeps it bounds ahead of its closest competitor, the Mercedes SL55 AMG.
The S8 comes equipped with some extremely good safety features including an electronic differential lock (EDL) this and the brakes combined provides a targeted force distribution to the wheels with a great degree of traction, also there is ESP electronic stabiliser program, ASR traction control, ABS brakes and 8 airbags.
The Audi S8 Quattro runs a six speed manual transmission, in the US a Tiptronic Gearbox replaced the 6 speed manual and has a few exterior differences from the A8 though hard to spot chrome door mirrors, a chrome-lined air intake, exclusive wheels, red and silver motor sport emblems front & rear.
The inside is fitted with Nappa leather, heated mirrors, power everything, cruise control, solar panel glass sunroof, system GPS, remote security system with alarm & immobiliser, electric rear sunblind, a nearside mirror tilts down when reversing, 10-speaker BOSE sound system with CD Shuttle and numerous other features.

S8 Performance Figures

Engine - 4.2 litre V8
0-60 - 6 seconds
Top speed - 155mph (Limited)
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S1 Evo

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The S1 Evo an all wheel drive 450bhp World Rally Championship car.
The S1 with its quattro drive system dominated rallying. Walter Röhrl went to victory in the 1st ever rally it was entered in, in San Remo Rally, Röhrl won 29 out of 45 stages.
When Group B rallying was banned in 1987 this car and many other suffered, such cars as the Ford RS200 and the Audi S1 Evo days were numbered. Röhrl wasn't beaten though and went onto enter the car in the Pikes Peak hill climb, he dominated the climb and went onto victory.
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quattro awd

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The Audi Quattro

All wheel drive

The Audi Quattro, this car single handedly changed the course of rallying history, the car has great historical significance as a Rally and road car. It is special due to it only the second car to feature AWD the first being the Jensen FF in 1966.
The car model name is "Quattro" using a capital Q, this is differentiated between the drive system signified as a lowercase q.
The original Audi Quattro first saw life in 1980 was released in 1980, it was the first auto to combine a Turbo charged engine with an All Wheel Drive System. The engine was was a 2.1 Litre, with a SOHC, this featured a 10 valve straight-5 setup, with 160 bhp. As the models progressed so did the break horsepower creeping up to 200 bhp twin cam. The Quattro UR is recognised as a milestone rally car, and it took advantage of rally rule changes allowing cars to run all-wheel-drive.
The car and its setup was doubted by rally critics it was believed there heavy body & complexity would slow them down, how wrong could they have been. It was an instant success, the first rally it participated it won, and from that day it fully dominated for the next two years.
11,000 road cars were produced cars between 1980-1991. The Audi body style had very few body changes, from 1985 a new sloping front grill, headlights, trim and new badges were added.
All VAG's ( Volkswagen Audi Group) Quattro cars were built in Germany by a specialist Audi divisionhand by hand, the division included specialist engineers, developers, mechanics and researchers.

Quattro - Sport

The Sport Quattro was developed solely for Group B rallying, however as it was a rally car a production car had to be offered, this version was a limited edition model with a significantly shorter wheelbase. This model is very rare, lighter than other models rally tuned and demonstrates optimum handling and extreme power.


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Audi Gallery

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Audi pictures

Pictures of cool Audi cars ranging from RS4 through to the R8.


The R8 costs around £85,000 and features dry sump lubrication, R Tronic, performace pack, ASF space frame design, FSI technologies and a monoposto interior, it demonstrates aerodynamics never seen before and makes the most awesome noise.


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Audi History

(Reading time: 3 - 5 minutes)

Audi guide

The 'Four Rings' formed 1899

Back in Zwickau 1909, August Horch came up with an idea, Audi. This name is still the original trading name since 1910.
In German 'Horch' translates as Listen! To this day this remains Audi's policy and has always been paramount. There goal was to build and design for the luxury car market. This success was achieved in the International Austrian Alpine Rallies, 1912 was when the victories started and continued to 1914, this confirmed that high performance matched with luxury would give the German company a winning brand.

1909 Horch & Cie

In 1909 there was in a dispute between August and the Supervisory board of A. Horch & Cie - Motorwagen-Werke AG. Shortly after Horch left what he had created.
However, on in 1909 on July 16th he fomed a second company Horch Automobil-Werke GmbH, in the same city as a direct competitor. August tried to fight for previous name but lost the legal battle. A solution presented itself: the Latin translation of Horch (German for “hark!”) Audiwerke GmbH, starting on April 25th 1910.

Left hand drive

This was the dawn of the left hand drive motor car, up until now Right-hand drive had been as common as horses and carriages. In 1921 September Germany's first ever car manufacturer, Audi. became pioneers of another commonly seen idea.
The company became the first to release a left-hand drive production car, the Type K. This new position gave drivers a greater view of the road making it easier to see oncoming cars & hazards it also making it safer to overtake, by the turn of the 1920's this was the standard.

8 Sport Cabriolet

In 1927, The 8 Sport Cabriolet was released a two door car with two side windows with two Dickey seats in the rear.
1932, brought the Type 780 the equivalent to the 8, this car suceeded sucessor, inturn the 853 was released due to popular demand.

Wanderer W25 K

A performance sportscar with a relatively high top speed and extremely responsive acceleration. The W25 K was inspired and designed by Ferdinand Porsche, with its 2 litre 6 cylinder engine it was capable of 85 bhp, this was aminly due to its supercharger. This new, US influenced racing car, performance and styling were inspired by the W51. This car went onto create the backbone of Auto Union's range.
Audi 100 Coupé S
The Audi 100 Coupe was released after the saloon version. The new model featured flair and a contemporary Italian design, it was debuted at the Frankfurt Motor Show in September 1969. The Coupe Scame came standard with wide tyres, adjustable steering wheel, vented front discs and a limited edition interior.

Audi Quattro

The Audi Quattro made its first appearance at the 1980 Geneva Motor Show. It was the first car to demonstrate four wheel drive as a permanent drive system.
The car as soon as it was released dominated Rallying with its 4 wheel drive system known as quattro, note the lower case q, the system it utilised was already used by off-roaders such as Land Rover. The combination of a sports saloon with 4 wheel drive uprated suspension and racing rims was a triumph. The basic principle was a hollow-shaft designed central differential, that allowed power to be fed between both the front & rear axles of the auto.
After the introduction of this new system, the German car manufacturer went from strength to strength, intrun releasing an array of performance all wheel drive cars these included the S8 and Audi RS 4 & RS 6.

The new millenium

The RS models released through out the last eight years have dominated their various car markets, with such cars as the RS4, but now the new series of R autos are with us, named after the Le Mans styles racing cars. Theses include the R8 the R4 even maybe an R10 and more recently the A1 and Q7 SUV.

The R8

This flagship Audi Supercar was released in 2007, a car like no other it comes with a mid mounted V8 Lamborghini Murcielago engine. This cars contniues to astound with more and more models being released, including a convertible roadster and an Audi R8 LM model.



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Aston Martin Vantage and brief history

(Reading time: 2 - 3 minutes)

The Vantage

The beginning 1977

The Vantage a V8 powered car that pushed Aston Martin into the 1970's supercar genre, giving them the strength to achieve 'Producers of the World's fastest 4 seater production car'.
The Vantage name had a growing reputation already famed through various racing victories and its debut in Ian Fleming's James Bond, this type of publicity gave the car and Aston Martin in general the momentum to take on the global market.
The car soon became known as 'The car you would own one day'.
This phenominal automobile weighed a staggering 4000 lbs and was powered by a 5.3 litre quad cam V8 capable of producing 375 BHP and pushing the Vantage to a top speed of 170 mph.
The Aston Martin DB series of cars were already made famous by its earlier appearances in early James Bond films. David Brown, however wanted a 4 seater car faster than any other. In 1963 the British company embarked on a journey to develop a faster and better 4 seater. The project was plagued with continual engine problems, due to this the V8 wasn't ready till 1969.
The DBS V8 was formally launched in 1969 after being hampered by ownership changes & two shut downs this seriously delayed production of the new DBS Vantage. However the situation continued to get worse until enthusiasts and the new owners George Minden, Peter Sprague, & joined later by Alan curtis resurrected the car in 1978. Production continued for a further 12 years, until the new Vantage was released in 1993.
AM has gone from strength to strength in recent years with Models such as the ONE, the Vanquish and with the dawn of the Aston Martin EV.




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