Sunday, December 15, 2019

2013 Range Rover review by WHATCAR?

New 2013 Range rover sport review video

The Range Rover Sport 2013 is a more sleeker and efficient vehicle tha the current version, and surprisingly considerably more affordable than the standard Range Rover even with the engine and specs available.

  • Range Rover Sport reviewed on video
  • Retails for £59,995
  • Three trims; V6 diesel and V8 petrol engines from 288bhp, the 3.0 SDV6, 255bhp, the TDV6 and a supercar powered engine 5.0 V8, which comes in at 503bhp, also expect a Hybrid version early next year.

     

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Golf R latest spy shots

Image courtesy of Auto Car Golf R spy shots

 

Volkswagen is putting its foot down on dev with its 286bhp R version of the latest Golf the Mk7, the most horses ever put in a production VW Golf since its launch in 1974. The Golf R has been clocked at the Nürburgring, and also like a scene out of 'Forza 4', the Swiss Alps.

The Golf R is expected to be the last of the so-far confirmed new Golf models to appear in the showroom. An on-sale date of early 2014 has been mooted after a launch at the Frankfurt motor show in September.

The Golf R will be the cream followed by the GTI. The R packs a 2.0-litre TSI engine producing a healthy 286bhp with 280lb ft of torque, a 6 speed auto box with dual clutch, a new version of awd Haldex 5 carrying it from 0-62mph in just 5.0sec and limited top speed of 155mph, not bad considering it weighs only 1200kg.

It will be tuned, and still capable of around 40 mpg.

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TVR back in the UK?

Rights to make TVR cars and components, to use existing designs and manufacture components for existing cars, have been recently sold back to British interests located near London, according to their former owner, the Russian banker Nikolai Smolensky, now living in Vienna.

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Read more: TVR back in the UK?

Jaguar XJ220 Super Car

The history of the British Jaguar XJ220

The timeline

The 1980's brought a new car enthusiast, made rich from the .com era and entrepeneurial skills, rich people looking for extreme driving excitement, supercars were this need and desire, however the car needed had to be everything. There was such a motor, the unveiling of the Jaguar XJ220 chnaged everything. The fastest and most practical of all rear engined Supercars on the market, with the exception of the Mclaren F1.

Jaguar XJ150 Supercar

The new Jag fitted perfectly into the Super car market it was extremely powerful, very fast, beautiful, and of course very expensive. It is a very high geared model and more the looks of a Lemans car and quite frankly the XJ220 is a very big car not really a daily drive for even the bravest of millionaires. As you would expect a 2 seater, taking real skill to drive.
 
 
However this didn't bother anyone, the car was an instant hit, the prototype XJ150 in 1988 was meant to be the only one, and amazingly the first version was way more popular than the production model running a V12 engine, and four-wheel-drive to aid the driver. The 150 was added to the XJ to demonstrate its proposed top speed in mph.
 
The car received such a positive response that Jaguar decided to hand over the project to Tom Walkinshaw’s Jaguar Sport organisation , to turn the dream of a British Jaguar Supercar into a reality. The ‘Walkinshaw’ XJ220 was unveiled a year later, this version of the car was much smaller than the Prototype before, it ran a twin-turbo V6 engine similar to the ones installed to their racing cars, and it only came with rear drive. The cars customer weren't phased by this, although Jaguar said they would only build 350 cars at Banbury Jaguar, over 1,200 customers issued priority orders for the British Supercar. 
 
The car is built from a relatively conventional light-alloy hull, it was basically a civilised version of a racing car, however with the luxuries of air-con and trimmed interior. A fatal blow could have been due to Jaguar not being able develop ABS anti-lock braking in time for sales 1992.
 
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Chrysler history

The history of Chrysler

1845 - 1870
 
England born Thomas Jeffery moves to the U.S. and starts producing Rambler bicycles, however decides to sell his bike company and start Kenosha, WI based Rambler automobiles in 1902. Charles W. Nash is born 1864, Buick President hires W. P. Chrysler. Nash buys Jeffery Co. and produces Nash. John Francis Dodge is born in Niles Minnesota forms Dodge Brothers in 1914 with brother Horace. Jonathan Dixon Maxwell is born, co-founder of Maxwell-Briscoe 1903.
 
1870 - 1900
 
John N. Willys born in 1873, rescuer of Overland who forms Willys-Overland in 1909. Hugh Chalmers born 1873 acquires control of Thomas-Detroit I and form Chalmers-Detroit, AKA Chalmers 1908. Walter Percy Chrysler born April 2nd 1875 in Wamego, Kansas becoming only major railroad industrialist to succeed in the auto industry, ultimately introducing advanced Chrysler automobile and corporation becoming the second largest car producer behind GM while under his leadership.
 
Carl Breer born California, LA in 1883, ultimately one of the three engineers who drove Chrysler's early success.
 
Three Musketeers Fred M. Zeder, Owen M. Skelton and Carl Breer 1886 - ZSB -- Walter Chrysler names trio of genius engineers, brought from Willys-Overland from Studebaker Motors.
 
1895 Morris & Salom produce four battery operated production model cars. Pope Manufacturing Co., Hartford, CT build an electric car. Riker Electric Motor Co. Brooklyn, New York formed in 1896.
 
1897Columbia Electric production begins by Pope Manufacturing Co 1897. These vehicles are available throughout the US, England and France. Dodge brothers go to work for Canada based company in Windsor, Ontario in 1898, and go onto create Evans & Dodge bicycle.
 
1899 The Pope Maunfacturing auto division becomes the Columbia Automobile Co. Riker Electric Motor Co. is moved to Electric Vehicle Co for production.
 
1900 - 1930
 
First steam powered engine produced, built by Carl Breer in 1900. 
Dodge brother's and E. C. Stearns join National Cycle & Automobile Company in 1900
 
The industry first front mounted engine the Columbia gasoline goes into production, a left hand drive auto. New Dodge parts factory opens on Beaubien Street 1901, 1903 brings the Dodge brothers cancelling their Olds Motor Works contracts and adding plant machinery to manufacture engines for 10% interest in the Ford Motor company from Henry.
 
Recession hits in 1907 subsequently Pope empire crumbled, and the Overland Motor Company, lead by John North Willys, chooses to buy the Toledo plant, this now forms the centre of todays Jeep factory.
 
The XLVI is introduced by Columbia, it utilised a four cylinder petrol to drive a separate electric generator, it featured no gearbox or clutch, however this design did not make it as a car design. Sometime after certain trains started to use the concept mainly General Motors.
 
Thomas-Detroit is renamed Chalmers-Detroit in 1908. The same year Walter P Chryslers visits Chicago Motor show and buys a Locomobile.
 
1910 The United States Motor Company is now fully formed, amalgamating 130 firms including Maxwell-Briscoe, Brush, Dayton, Courier, and Columbia. Of these firms, only Brush and Maxwell-Briscoe were profitable. A new plant is opened by the Dodge brothers in Hamtramck. In 1913, the Standard Motor Company joins Maxwell, with a number of plants being sold off.
 
Dodge Brothers Inc. is formed and the company begins development of new cars. The First Dodge rolls off the production line in 1914. Just in time for the onset of World War I, where the brothers' cars are used in combat as the first ever petrol powered automobile.
 
1916 Walter P. Chrysler takes over presidency of Buick. Charles W. Nash leaves to purchase and form Nash Motors. Chrysler is invited to join with Nash but decides to stay with Buick.
 
1917 Dodge Brothers adopts Budd-built all-steel body for touring cars. With Chalmers sales flagging and Maxwell production on the up, a move is made for Maxwell cars to be built in the Chalmers plant, with Chalmers cars being sold through Maxwell dealers. The first Dodge Brothers commercial vehicle built in October and is released as the 1918 model.
 
1919 Walter P. Chrysler resigns as president of the Buick Motor. Henry Ford buys up the shares of smaller stockholders at this time, including those of John and Horace Dodge in return for $ 9,000,000.
 
1920 Both John and Horace Elgin Dodge die. To cover the debts, the New Jersey plant is put up for auction. It, and the prototype Chrysler (considered by the Chrysler group later as the model A), are auctioned off to William C. Durant. He uses the plant for production of his Star car whilst using the Chrysler prototype as a basis for his Flint line.
 
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Chevrolet history

Chevrolet history

 
Real American muscle cars, around in force for many decades, memory memorable models, all sporting pure power.
 
General Motors owned Chevrolet a constitutional US car manufacturer. The company was initially started by W.C. Durant in the city of Detroit, Michigan. The first automobiles manufactured were released by a racing driver, Louis Chevrolet. He came up with a design for $2150, it featured a 4.9 litre six cylinder engine. The first car to make a real impact was the Baby Grand, it sold for $875.
 
All Electrics on Chevrolets were optional until 1917, sales boosted with production techniques and innovations adding certain style this increased sales from 13,600 to 70,701.
 
1917 brought the acquisition of Chevrolet by GM. Up until 1920 Dodge & Ford were the only marque considered to be above Chevy.
 
There was the odd motor being designed, however the real auto came in 1925 The Superior, it featued disc wheels and a "Duco cellulose paint finish and sold for a paltry $650. This gave the company the edge and allowed the US manufacturer to outsell Ford for the first time, even with the Model T switching to the to A had no effect.
 
1929 brought "Cast Iron Wonder" priced at $595 and selling over a million cars in its initial year. This was the performance and success Chevy wanted.
 
1931 Ford were outsold for 3 years, the 1930's the company became aware the need to improvise, this time brought many new styles and designs V-grilles, hydraulic brake systems, big engines, column shifts, with the intro of convertibles, even a station wagon was introduced in 1939 the Lakewood. With the release of a soft top in 1940 an optional power hood was released with a low price. During this time famed Racing driver Juan Manuel Fangio was victorious in Argentinian driving one of the new coupes.
 
All designs changed extensively between the 1940's and 50's they restyled a sedan model and sold it for $1460, however the main impact came 1950 when they started to offer a 2 speed auto transmission.
 
The real change for Chevrolet in 1953 with the releases of the Corvette sports model it came with a V-6 engine and fibreglass body, the car was an inspiration, however it needed more. An 8-cylinder engine was added with the option of air suspension.
 
1960 brought the releases of the Corvair, this auto featured a turbo charged engine, then in 1965 the introduction of the Stingray changed sports cars for ever. Modern styling really big engines and mad colours including yellow and orange.
 
Over the years the Chevrolet Company has been behind many great cars from SUV's, pickups, coupes, sedans and of course Sports cars. The intro of new models, brought new styles and toys including ABS, headlamps, engine changes meaning new technologies making them faster, more reliable and economical. Newer autos have included the Corvette Z, Camaro and luxury models such as the Chevelle, Impala and Caprice.
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German cars

German Cars Das Auto

When you think of a German car, the majority of people think of cutting edge automotive technology recently symbolised by the concept of a 500 BHP Audi R8 V12 Diesel and a Veyron with quad turbo-chargers and around 1000 BHP, and yes we do know Bugatti is originally Italian.
 
However it's not all mental super cars.
 
Germany has always been a pioneer as far as car design and production has been concerned. The first examples being Mercedes's Karl Benz, BMW's Karl Friedrich Rapp and later in 1948 Porsche's Ferdinand Porsche who with the help of Adolf Hitler came up with the VW Beetle design, Porsche now owns 51% of Volkswagen, part of the VAG group.
 
German motor cars have always been associated with certain key principles:-
 
Well built, strong & reliable
Cutting edge technology e.g. 100BHP per litre & quattro
Inspired design flair
Luxury, drive & performance
Forward thinking design & production
Quality at a cost
 
Deutsche car models incorporate technology with iconic design, combining performance, luxury and looks makes for a classy auto, that everyone wants to drive and be seen in.
e.g. Mk1 Golf and Mk2 Golf and VW Camper still don't look out of place 30 - 40 years on.

Porsche

Deutsche performance motor cars such as the likes of the Porsche 911 Carrrera demonstrate iconic design agressive styling unsurpassed power and enhanced drivability.
 
 
Racing 911 Turbo on M42
 
Porsche itself is a status symbol and reflects success, generally driven by people who can afford it and like the feel of driving a real sports car.
 
 
Green Porsche on M42
 

Mercedes

The Mercedes has always been seen a luxury car from the S-Class through to the AMG CL. However at the beginning the Deutsche luxury car makers pioneered some of the most groud breaking cars ever for example in 1938 the W125 a 12 cylinder capable of reaching 268.9 mph was designed, yet this 1930's Super car is hardly what you would class as famous.
 
 
A new Mercedes S Class in Chiswick, London

Audi & Volkswagen

These manufacturers have tried their hands at all types of vehicles from Jeeps to Rally Cars even campers as well R4 racing cars. They pioneered a commercial version of Jensen's all wheel drive system, namely quattro and fitted it to both VW's and Audi models. This technology sent Audi to the World Rally Championship podium in first position.
 
 
 
Audi TT at Leeds Harewood Festival
 
Mk1 Golf at Leeds Harewood Festival

BMW

Karl Friedrich Rapp car company has demonstated many fine autos including the BMW M1 a racing car that never made it, due to unforseen circumstances, but the car still symbolise's everything Beemer stand for and has recently redesigned the supercar as an M1 homage, however the M1 concept car will never go in to production. We think it would be cool to see the car on the road the perfect rival to the Audi R8.
 
The company responsible for racing these motors have also produced and designed many great road cars including the M3 and Z1.
 

 

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Italian cars

Italian cars

 
The 500 or other types of supermini are the perfect car for tootling around the narrow streets of Rome. This type of car is all well and good for going to work and picking up shopping, but hardly an eye catcher, something with a bit more oomph is needed for touring, racing or just feeling good, enter the Italian Stallions.
 
For saving face there are the Italian sports car range including such pioneers as Enzo Ferrari, Feruccio Lamborghini and Ettorre Bugatti,
 
These designers and producers created some of the World's most desirable motor cars.

Lamborghini

 
Cars designed to make you gasp and shudder when you see them, let alone travel in them. Lambo started life in 1962 with the production of the V12 350GT this was followed by the 400, however after these two flagship cars, things started to hot up.
 
Ferruccio released the Miura, inspired by the Ford GT40 at the Turin motor show, well actually only the Miura's chassis was shown however everybody stood in awe, the look and design of the chassis had people placing multiple orders and we know the rest. The Countach pronounced 'Koontash' was released an instant hit, followed by numerous not so well known models, till the Diablo, Murcielago, Gallardo and most recently the Reventon released in 2008 with a limited no. of models built.
 

Lamborghini LP500 Prototype

Ferrari

Ferrari founded back in 1929, by Enzo Ferrari.

This Supercar company has always been famed for their exquisite supercars including the Testarossa, F40, F50 and the more recent Enzo as well as building and designing auto's Ferrari operated and owned one of the most successful racing teams ever ' Scuderia', still a big name car racing today.
FIAT now owns the Supercar division of the company, due to Enzo running into financial problems in 1969, however he still kept control of the racing team.
 

Bugatti

Yes we know that Bugatti was actually founded in Molsheim in France, but our argument is, only an Italian could come up with the iconic design and flair of the Bugatti range of cars which include the 1932 Royal.
 
More recently the revived Bugatti name was released in the form of the EB110 released in 1996. This car was the work of Entrepreneur Romano Artioli who acquired the name and hired the Lamborghini designers who worked on the Miura and Countach.
 
Volkswagen Ag now own the name and have recenlty just relsed the fastest road car in the world the Veyron a car with 1008 BHP and four turbo's, it is also rumoured that VW are working on a 4 door supercar version, project Lydia, possibly to compete with the rumoured 4 door Porsche Panamera Turbo.
 
Other Italian car manufacturers include:-
 
Fiat
Alfa Romeo
Lancia
Maserati
De Tomaso
Pagani
 
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AC Cobra history

 

AC Cobra history

 
AC & Carroll Shelby
 
Not many cars have had the same track record & inspiration as the AC Cobra in the mid 60's, mind you Dodge the people behind the Viper have recreated this many times through various replica models. AC worked by placing the biggest engine possible in the lightest frame, and dressing the car as a two seater sports car with definition and character, no roof and fun on country roads.
 
The AC Cobra company emerged back in 1901, the first car didn't actually materialise till 1953 with the intro of the second generation model. Renown motoring engineer John Tojeiro started to create his own two seater sports car, the model was based on the Ferrari 166 Barchetta (aka The Little Boat). The car was flying, but it wasn't how it should have been, the racing model needed more power.
 
The firstly choice was a 2.7 V8, then a 4.2 was chosen. These engines were the work of Carroll Shelby who was greatly impressed by all of AC Cobra's cars racing in the US, powered by there either Bristol or MG engines.
 
However AC soon realised a 4.2 or even a 4.7 wasn't enough, they needed more power, over 350 BHP. A V8 with a seven litre capacity was needed pushing the 427 upto 485 BHP. Modifications were fitted to allow the car to cope including widening it and upgrading the shocks and springs.
 
This range of cars in the 1950's were the epitomy of racecars, by the 1960's and 70's the AC Cobra 427 and others started to show there age compared to modern autos such as the Lotus Elan. There cars lacked modern refinements however there performance was amazing 0 - 100 in under 13.7 secs. The competition version the 427 had 580 BHP and could accelerate to 100 mph in under 10 seconds. One of the most defining features was its side exit exhausts. Tojeiro's soon became part of AC's evolution, usually driven by MG or Bristol engines, when he sold one of his engine designs to the company.
These automobiles are now a very rare marque, only a few exist. The car was made famous yet again through its appearance in the film Twin Town filmed in Swansea starring Rhys Iffans. This British racing car truly made its mark.

 

 

 

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